CIRA adopts multi-disciplinary approaches to tackle the challenges of Safety and Security in the space industry. The main research activities are:
Integrity Engineering: this requires a global approach to safety and involves the identification and management of risks and the sharing of technology and data. The concept of safety is also applied in an active manner, in order to anticipate and prevent the occurrence of events considered to be hazardous. The purpose of research is, therefore, to develop models for identifying risks on the basis of extensive and accurate data;
Trusting in Autonomy: remotely monitored robots or unmanned systems are commonly used for so-called Dull, Dirty and Dangerous missions because they can attain the required objective while avoiding risks to humans and significantly reducing costs. Their use in total safety is one of the main challenges faced by space exploration missions.
The main issues to be addressed are:
Integrated Health Management: development of a health management system that can improve the resilience of the entire system in accordance with characteristic times;
Safety, Security and Resilience by design: definition of approaches that make it possible to incorporate safety, security and reliability in the design of the critical system;
Adaptive and Interoperable Autonomy: the aim is to be able to specify the level of autonomy that the system is authorised to assume, and to ensure interoperability in relation to the different levels of autonomy;
Verification and Validation of Complex Adaptive Systems: the reliability and resilience of these systems should be verified in operational scenarios that permit fault injection. Run-time verification and run-time certification studies are of particular interest.