The Sustainability, Reliability and Safety of systems for monitoring the environment are issues of particular global concern. The challenges that CIRA intends to address in this area include:
Integrity Engineering: CIRA carries out support activities (fault forecasting and fault prevention) as well as actual research. Fault prevention and forecasting support activities address specific techniques of verification and validation, reliability engineering and software like RAMS analysis and safety assessment. Environmental Monitoring involves activities for the development of skills required to improve the capacity for predicting reliability and safety and verification and validation, in order to support CIRA's activities of integration within the context of monitoring the environment and territory.
Trusting in Autonomy: environmental monitoring missions lend themselves to the use of autonomous or remotely piloted robots and unmanned systems. The safe use of such systems involves the following activities:
Safety, Security and Resilience by design: definition of approaches that make it possible to incorporate safety, security and reliability in the design of the system;
Adaptive and Interoperable Autonomy: with the aim to specify the level of autonomy that the system is authorised to assume, and to define protocols that ensure interoperability in relation to the different levels of autonomy;
Verification and Validation of Complex Adaptive Systems: the reliability and resilience of these systems should be verified in operational scenarios that permit fault injection. Recent studies in run-time verification and run-time certification are of particular interest in this regard.
Critical Infrastructure Protection: CIRA actively participates in European panels responsible for the orientation of research in Critical Infrastructure Protection and, in particular, in the definition of new approaches to the safety evaluation of a critical system and the integration of these with the modelling of complex systems, in order to identify unknown risks and define mitigating actions.